Versions and Aliases in AWS Lambda

Have you ever wanted to make a change to a Lambda function that's running in your live environment, but you've been worried that you'd make a mistake and have some down time? Or worse, have you made the change and brought down your site? 😬 AWS Lambda provides a way to create versions of a function in order to test functionality in lower environments before moving it into higher environments, all without the risk of affecting your deployed code.

Creating a version

First, create a new function or choose a function that you've already created. At the top of the page under the Actions dropdown, choose to publish a new version of your function.

Publish a new version of the function

You can add a description here to your version. This is essentially saving a snapshot of your function as it is now (like a git commit).

Adding a "commit" message

You'll notice that the window says it is creating a new version from $LATEST. This is the tag that AWS gives to your current working state. Any changes you make to your function are saved in the $LATEST version even if you don't publish an explicit version yourself.

Once we publish our new version, we'll be taken to this new copy of our lambda function. We can tell what version we're on by the number appended to the function name. We can return to our $LATEST function version by using the Version dropdown or the breadcrumb trail at the top left.

The new version of the function appears in the version list

We can't make changes to or publish a new version of this snapshot, so let's return to our $LATEST version and make a change to our code! We'll publish it as version 2.

The second version of the function appears in the version list

There we go! We now have multiple versions of our functions that we can use for testing in different environments. These different versions can be referenced by using the ARN or function name with the version number appended like so: AliasAndVersioning:2.

But what if we publish a third version and want a CloudWatch rule or an S3 trigger to point at our new version? With version numbers, we'd have to go and update the resource information with the new number each time. That's where aliases come in to save the day.

The Power of Aliases

Aliases are essentially nicknames or tags that we can point at certain versions of our function. When we create a new version of our function, we can simply move our alias to point there instead. Let's see it in action.

Creating a Production alias

Under the Actions dropdown, choose to create an alias. Here we can set the name, a description, and which version we'll point the alias at. Let's set PROD (Production) at version 1 that we created.

The weighted alias section at the bottom allows you to divert a percentage of your traffic to different versions of your function, like for A/B testing.

Alias creation screen with production configuration

When we save this alias, we'll see a screen very similar to what we saw when we created a new version, but the alias name is now appended to the function name instead of the version number!

The new production alias was successfully created

Creating a Development alias

Let's now create a DEV (development) alias. Instead of pointing this at a version number, we can point it directly at $LATEST to always reflect our latest changes.

Alias creation screen with development configuration

Now we have our aliases for our different development environments! So when I reference this function while setting up any other resources, I can reference the alias of the function like AliasAndVersioning:DEV.

Update alias reference

Let's say that we've finished testing version 2 of our function in the development environment and we're ready to use it in Production. If we have our references set up to point to the alias, it's as easy as just adjusting the alias definition.

Let's choose our PROD alias from the Alias dropdown so that we can edit its settings. In the Alias configuration box at the bottom, click the Edit button.

Edit alias button

From the version dropdown on the page, we can now choose version 2 and save our changes.

Alias version dropdown

Production will now be using our newer version! 🎉

Final Thoughts

Congratulations! You'll now be a pro working with versions and aliases in AWS Lambda. Your work mates will be in awe of your awesome devops skills, and your clients will be well pleased knowing their sites will be more resilient and much less likely to have down time.